Lyle R. Wheeler

Birthday:

02/12/1905

Place of birth:

Woburn, Massachusetts, USA:

Biography:

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Lyle Reynolds Wheeler (February 2, 1905 – January 10, 1990) was an American motion picture art director. He received five Academy Awards — for Gone with the Wind (1939), Anna and the King of Siam (1946), The Robe (1953), The King and I (1956) and The Diary of Anne Frank (1959). Lyle Wheeler studied at the University of Southern California, then worked as a magazine artist and industrial designer. In 1936 he was hired by David O. Selznick to work as a set designer for Selznick's motion picture production company. Wheeler proved to be a creative genius when it came to designing quality sets at reasonable costs and was very much in demand in the industry. By the end of World War II, Wheeler had joined Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corporation, where he remained as chief art director until the end of the 1950s. In a career spanning 40 years, Wheeler created sets for more than 350 motion pictures, many of which are considered film classics. His credits include A Star is Born, A Tree Grows in Brooklyn, State Fair, The Dolly Sisters, Forever Amber, The Fan, The Pride of St. Louis, The Seven Year Itch, and Carousel and in particular, Gone With the Wind, for which he drew some of the earliest examples of storyboards for film, illustrating not only the art design, but the framing, composition and even the color for nearly every shot in the film, greatly influencing the production. He also created matte paintings for all the ceilings for the sets as well as large set pieces like the facade of Tara. He was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Art Direction 29 times, winning five. In 1951, he was nominated for four different films, three in 1952 and twice for two films in one year. His television credits include the long-running CBS series, Perry Mason. Late in life, Wheeler suffered financial reverses and was forced to sell his home. He lost his five Academy Award statuettes when he was unable to pay a bill in excess of $30,000 at a storage facility. His 1959 Oscar for The Diary of Anne Frank was purchased and returned to Wheeler in 1989 by a fan. Lyle Wheeler died January 10, 1990, at the Motion Picture & Television Country House and Hospital, of pneumonia. He was cremated, and his ashes stored in the vault at the Chapel of the Pines Crematory in Los Angeles.



Credits

Posse (1975)
Production Design
Stand Up and Be Counted (1972)
Production Design
The Love Machine (1971)
Production Design
Doctors' Wives (1971)
Production Design
Marooned (1969)
Production Design
In Harm's Way (1965)
Production Design
The Cardinal (1963)
Production Design
Advise & Consent (1962)
Production Design
From the Terrace (1960)
Art Direction
The Story of Ruth (1960)
Art Direction
Journey to the Center of the Earth (1959)
Art Direction
Beloved Infidel (1959)
Art Direction
The Best of Everything (1959)
Art Direction
Blue Denim (1959)
Art Direction
The Alligator People (1959)
Art Direction
Say One for Me (1959)
Art Direction
Warlock (1959)
Art Direction
The Diary of Anne Frank (1959)
Art Direction
The Barbarian and the Geisha (1958)
Art Direction
The Long, Hot Summer (1958)
Art Direction
South Pacific (1958)
Art Direction
The Enemy Below (1957)
Art Direction
The Three Faces of Eve (1957)
Art Direction
Peyton Place (1957)
Art Direction
April Love (1957)
Art Direction
The Sun Also Rises (1957)
Art Direction
Desk Set (1957)
Art Direction
Will Success Spoil Rock Hunter? (1957)
Art Direction
An Affair to Remember (1957)
Art Direction
The Girl Can't Help It (1956)
Art Direction
Love Me Tender (1956)
Art Direction
The Last Wagon (1956)
Art Direction
Bus Stop (1956)
Art Direction
The King and I (1956)
Art Direction
D-Day The Sixth of June (1956)
Art Direction
The Proud Ones (1956)
Art Direction
The Man in the Gray Flannel Suit (1956)
Art Direction
On the Threshold of Space (1956)
Art Direction
Carousel (1956)
Art Direction
Good Morning Miss Dove (1955)
Art Direction
Seven Cities Of Gold (1955)
Art Direction
The Girl in the Red Velvet Swing (1955)
Art Direction
Love Is a Many-Splendored Thing (1955)
Art Direction
The Virgin Queen (1955)
Art Direction
The Seven Year Itch (1955)
Art Direction
Daddy Long Legs (1955)
Art Direction
A Man Called Peter (1955)
Art Direction
Untamed (1955)
Art Direction
There's No Business Like Show Business (1954)
Art Direction
Broken Lance (1954)
Art Direction
The Egyptian (1954)
Art Direction
Demetrius and the Gladiators (1954)
Art Direction
Gorilla at Large (1954)
Art Direction
Siege at Red River (1954)
Art Direction
Beneath the 12-Mile Reef (1953)
Art Direction
How to Marry a Millionaire (1953)
Art Direction
The Robe (1953)
Art Direction
Mister Scoutmaster (1953)
Art Direction
Inferno (1953)
Art Direction
Dangerous Crossing (1953)
Art Direction
Gentlemen Prefer Blondes (1953)
Art Direction
Pickup on South Street (1953)
Art Direction
The President's Lady (1953)
Art Direction
Titanic (1953)
Art Direction
Tonight We Sing (1953)
Art Direction
Niagara (1953)
Art Direction
Taxi (1953)
Art Direction
The I Don't Care Girl (1953)
Art Direction
My Pal Gus (1952)
Art Direction
Way of a Gaucho (1952)
Art Direction
Something for the Birds (1952)
Art Direction
Night Without Sleep (1952)
Art Direction
Monkey Business (1952)
Art Direction
The Snows of Kilimanjaro (1952)
Art Direction
Les Miserables (1952)
Art Direction
Wait Till the Sun Shines, Nellie (1952)
Art Direction
Diplomatic Courier (1952)
Art Direction
With a Song in My Heart (1952)
Art Direction
Return of the Texan (1952)
Art Direction
The Model and the Marriage Broker (1951)
Art Direction
Let's Make It Legal (1951)
Art Direction
The Desert Fox: The Story of Rommel (1951)
Art Direction
Love Nest (1951)
Art Direction
The Day the Earth Stood Still (1951)
Art Direction
People Will Talk (1951)
Art Direction
The House on Telegraph Hill (1951)
Art Direction
The Guy Who Came Back (1951)
Art Direction
David and Bathsheba (1951)
Art Direction
The Secret of Convict Lake (1951)
Art Direction
As Young as You Feel (1951)
Art Direction
Follow the Sun (1951)
Art Direction
Bird of Paradise (1951)
Art Direction
You're in the Navy Now (1951)
Art Direction
Halls of Montezuma (1951)
Art Direction
Mr. Belvedere Rings the Bell (1951)
Art Direction
All About Eve (1950)
Art Direction
Where the Sidewalk Ends (1950)
Art Direction
The Gunfighter (1950)
Art Direction
A Ticket to Tomahawk (1950)
Art Direction
Cheaper by the Dozen (1950)
Art Direction
Under My Skin (1950)
Art Direction
Twelve O'Clock High (1949)
Art Direction
Thieves' Highway (1949)
Art Direction
Father Was a Fullback (1949)
Art Direction
Pinky (1949)
Art Direction
I Was a Male War Bride (1949)
Art Direction
Slattery's Hurricane (1949)
Art Direction
Sand (1949)
Art Direction
It Happens Every Spring (1949)
Art Direction
The Beautiful Blonde from Bashful Bend (1949)
Art Direction
Mr. Belvedere Goes to College (1949)
Art Direction
The Fan (1949)
Art Direction
Down to the Sea in Ships (1949)
Art Direction
Yellow Sky (1948)
Art Direction
Unfaithfully Yours (1948)
Art Direction
That Wonderful Urge (1948)
Art Direction
Apartment for Peggy (1948)
Art Direction
Cry of the City (1948)
Art Direction
Road House (1948)
Art Direction
Deep Waters (1948)
Art Direction
The Iron Curtain (1948)
Art Direction
Give My Regards to Broadway (1948)
Art Direction
Fury at Furnace Creek (1948)
Art Direction
Call Northside 777 (1948)
Art Direction
Sitting Pretty (1948)
Art Direction
Gentleman's Agreement (1947)
Art Direction
Forever Amber (1947)
Art Direction
Nightmare Alley (1947)
Art Direction
The Foxes of Harrow (1947)
Art Direction
My Darling Clementine (1946)
Art Direction
Anna and the King of Siam (1946)
Art Direction
Centennial Summer (1946)
Art Direction
Cluny Brown (1946)
Art Direction
Dragonwyck (1946)
Art Direction
Leave Her to Heaven (1945)
Art Direction
Within These Walls (1945)
Art Direction
The Caribbean Mystery (1945)
Art Direction
Where Do We Go from Here? (1945)
Art Direction
A Royal Scandal (1945)
Art Direction
Thunderhead - Son of Flicka (1945)
Art Direction
Winged Victory (1944)
Art Direction
Laura (1944)
Art Direction
That Hamilton Woman (1941)
Art Direction
Rebecca (1940)
Art Direction
Gone with the Wind (1939)
Art Direction
The Young in Heart (1938)
Art Direction
Nothing Sacred (1937)
Art Direction
The Prisoner of Zenda (1937)
Art Direction
The Garden of Allah (1936)
Set Decoration